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Praxis Study Guides
The descriptive information about the Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing section of the Praxis Core includes the expectation that students will be able to "recognize the different elements of a citation".
The sample questions & exercises in various Praxis study guides indicate that students should be able to:
- Look at a citation and recognize whether it is a citation for a book, journal article, magazine article, web site, etc.
- Cite their sources when paraphrasing or quoting in a short essay (name of author, name of article/book, name of publication, plus "other clear identifiers").
It is recommended that you cite sources within the body of the text by either:
- Providing a signal phrase (According to . . .) that includes the author's name or
- By writing the last name of the author in parentheses ( ) at the end of the sentence before the period.
Play an interactive game and learn how to correctly format APA or MLA citations for some of the most commonly used citation types--from the U. of Washington
NOTE: APA citations are incorrect because they include the authors first name rather than just the initials
Test yourself with this game from James Madison U.
List of Citations
Print out this list of citations
Mark the books with a B
Mark scholarly articles with an S
Mark chapters in a book with a C
Mark government publications with a G
There will be some unmarked citations for other types of publications.
Possible Test Items
One study guide includes items relating to:
- The 2 standard citation formats for research papers in American schools (MLA & APA)
- Sources that do NOT need to be cited (such as dictionaries, etc.)
- The correct way to block quote
- Citing a source with 6 or more authors
- Which citation elements are in italics versus which elements are in quotation marks
It is recommended that you review both MLA & APA citation styles.