This page contains enriched content visible when JavaScript is enabled or by clicking here. Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Praxis Core Research Skills Guide: Recognize Citation Elements

A guide to resources for students preparing to take the Praxis Core with a focus on Research Skills for the Writing Test

Praxis Study Guides

The descriptive information about the Core Academic Skills for Educators:  Writing section of the Praxis Core includes the expectation that students will be able to "recognize the different elements of a citation".

The sample questions & exercises in various Praxis study guides indicate that students should be able to:

  1. Look at a citation and recognize whether it is a citation for a book, journal article, magazine article, web site, etc.
  2. Cite their sources when paraphrasing or quoting in a short essay (name of author, name of article/book, name of publication, plus "other clear identifiers").

It is recommended that you cite sources within the body of the text by either:

  • Providing a signal phrase (According to . . .) that includes the author's name or
  • By writing the last name of the author in parentheses ( ) at the end of the sentence before the period.


Citing Tutorials

Citation Exercise

Possible Test Items

One study guide includes items relating to:

  1. The 2 standard citation formats for research papers in American schools (MLA & APA)
  2. Sources that do NOT need to be cited (such as dictionaries, etc.)
  3. The correct way to block quote
  4. Citing a source with 6 or more authors
  5. Which citation elements are in italics versus which elements are in quotation marks

It is recommended that you review both MLA & APA citation styles.