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The Truth: How to Identify Fake News & Distinguish Fact from Opinion: Fact vs. Opinion

Carroll Community College Mission & Vision

Mission of Carroll Community College:  "a vibrant, learner-centered community, . . . engages students as active learners, prepares them for an increasingly diverse and changing world, and encourages their lifelong learning."
Vision:   . . . "embraces student learning as its primary and defining mission, encourages students to be full and active partners in learning, . . ."

Definitions below from:  The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, 2011

What is Information?

"Knowledge or facts learned, especially about a certain subject or event."
"The act of informing or the condition of being informed; communication of knowledge."

What is Knowledge?

"The state or fact of knowing."
"Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study."
"The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned."

More on the Information Cycle

From the University of Washington Libraries
Traces media coverage of the Japanese tsunami over time to illustrate the information cycle

The Information Cycle

Created by the Digital Literacy Unit of the University Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

How to Choose Your News (from TED Ed)

What is Truth? What is a Fact?

Fact is define as:
"Knowledge or information based on real occurences."
"Something demonstrated to exist or known to have existed."

The truth "conforms to reality or fact"

What is Opinion?

"A belief or conclusion held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof."
"A judgment based on special knowledge and given by an expert."
"A judgment or estimation of the merit of a person or thing."

What is Bias?

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