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Physical Therapist Assistant Research Guide: Citing Sources


Listed below are some guides on proper APA citation. Please review these carefully before creating in-text citations and a works cited list. Please begin with CCC resources, as these have been reviewed and approved by college faculty. Outside resources, such as APA OWL, may not be entirely accurate. It is important to note that if you directly lift a quote from a resource, you MUST include quotation marks, the author's name, and the page number. If you paraphrase, you still must include a normal citation. The consequences for improper citations can be severe, including a failing grade on the assignment, failure in the course, or expulsion. If you have any questions, please consult a librarian or a faculty member. Librarians are happy to review your works cited list and give advice for citations, so there's no reason why your paper should lack proper documentation.

PTA papers need to be formatted in APA format. Please consider using CCC's APA template for PTA students to simplify this process. This file has been pre-formatted with proper spacing, fonts, and pagination and includes placeholder headings for you to insert your paper's information on the title page.

When creating citations, please be sure to review CCC's APA Citation Guide and the APA Guide for Allied Health students, which is a specialized document containing sample citations for resources commonly cited by PTA students.


NoodleBib is an effective tool for creating works cited pages for APA and MLA. If you have any questions about the accuracy of your citations, please contact the reference desk. You will need to create an account before accessing NoodleBib.

Purdue University Online Writing Lab

The Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides over 200 free writing resources, including a guide to APA style. From the main page, click on the link for APA Formatting and Style guide in the box labeled "Most Popular Resources" to access this guide.

Evaluating Sources

Choosing quality sources is an important part of research.  Use this Evaluating Information Sources tutorial below to help you decide whether or not a source is reputable and provides accurate information that you can rely on for your project.  Remember that your final product will only be as good as the sources you use.  Choose carefully!